Canyoning (also known as canyoneering) is traveling in canyons using a variety of techniques that may include walking, scrambling, climbing, jumping, abseiling, and/or swimming.
Canyoning gear includes climbing hardware, static ropes, helmets, wetsuits, and specially designed shoes, packs, and rope bags. While canyoners have used and adapted climbing, hiking, and river running gear for years, more and more specialized gear is invented and manufactured as canyoning popularity increases.
Although hiking down a canyon that is non-technical (canyon hiking) is often referred to as canyoneering, the terms canyoning and canyoneering are more often associated with technical descents those that require rappels (abseils) and ropework, technical climbing or down-climbing, technical jumps, and/or technical swims.
Canyons that are ideal for canyoning are often cut into the bedrock stone, forming narrow gorges with numerous drops, beautifully sculpted walls, and sometimes spectacular waterfalls. Most canyons are cut into limestone, granite or sandstone, though other rock types are found. Canyons can be very easy or extremely difficult, though emphasis in the sport is usually on aesthetics and fun rather than pure difficulty. A wide variety of canyoning routes are found throughout the world, and canyoning is enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels.
Canyoning is frequently done in remote and rugged settings and often requires navigational, route-finding and other skills and preparation needed for wilderness travel.
Canyoning around the world
In most parts of the world the Canyoning in the mountain ravines with liquid water is done. Countries with the manufactured Canyoning include: Australia, New Zealand, Spain, France, Ecuador, Japan, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, reunification island, Greece (Crete), Jordanian one, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Croatia, Turkey, Israel, Mauritius and the United States. In South Africa ravines, which refer, are general lots of jumping, and it is called Kloofing. Even in Hong Kong, in which there are numerous current ravines, a similar activity designated river, or river Trekking is popular. In Japan and in Taiwan it has river pursuit designated and usually also includes to travel against the river. Marked in the United States descending mountain ravines by liquid water frequently as canyoning, and, the non-liquid (characterized those frequently, descends wet) desert ravines as canyoneering. , canyoneering in the United States, arises in the many slot ravines, which are carved in the sandstone, which is found during the Kolorado Hochebene. Outside of the Kolorado Hochebene numerous canyoning opportunities in the San Gabriel, Sierra Nevada, cascade and rocky mountain distances are found.