Rock climbing, largely speaking, is the act of the increasing stiff formations of rock. Normally, the climbing ones use the speed and the equipment of safety specifically designed for the goal. The force, resistance, and the mental order are required to face the hard and dangerous challenges of medical examination, and the knowledge of the rising techniques and the use of the essential pieces speed and of equipment are crucial. Although to rise rock is an activity in the open air, much of cities are at the house in the rooms of gymnastics rising rock of interior which can be made up with the match that (but not necessarily mental or technical) the physical qualification level had need to rise external.
The climbing ones usually work in the pairs, with one rising and other besieging. The belayer supplies the cord with climbing of wire by a device of catch. The chief rises to the top, place protection, rises higher and places protection until the top is reached. The belayer is ready to close with key in addition to cord if the chief falls.
The two climbing ones attach the cord to their rising harness, usually attaching in their harness with a figure-eight node or double knot of bowline. Protection or fasten them places of chief in the permanent protection already fixed at the rock. In rising traditional, protection is dismountable. Usually nuts or the device of cam with spring (often indicated under the name of “friends”) are placed in cracks in the rock (although pitons are sometimes employed). In the sport the rise of protection is metal loops called the clotheshangers. Clotheshangers are fixed at the rock with the bolts of extension of masonry taken of the construction trade, or placement adhesive-in systems of bolt. In ice the rise of protection is screws of ice or similar devices hammered or screwed in the ice by the chief, and removed by the second climbing one.
The climbing one of wire typically connects the cord to protection with the carabiners. If the climbing one of wire falls, it will fall the length twice from the cord outside of the last point of protection, plus the right end of cord (in general 5% 8% of the cord outside), plus slackness. If the speed one of breaks or withdraws rock or if the belayer does not close with key in addition to device of catch immediately, the fall will be appreciably longer. Thus if climbing is 2 meters above the last protection which it will fall 2 meters to protection, 2 meters below protection, plus the right end of slackness and cord, during a total fall of more than 4 meters.
The lead climber typically connects the rope to the protection with carabiners. If the lead climber falls, the belayer stops the cord. This is carried out while running the cord by a device of catch fixed at the harness of the belayer. The device of catch runs the cord by a series of pointed curves which, once functioned correctly, increase friction considerably and stop the cord running. Some of the more popular types of devices of catch are the device of catch of ATC, diagram 8 and the various auto-locking devices of catch such as the Grigri of Petzl.
With the top of launching, the chief establishes a blocked system of anchor, also called a catch, from where it can besiege while its associate rises. The second climbing one removes the speed of the rock (to rise traditional) or removes the carabiner bolted clotheshanger (rising sport). The two climbing ones are now with the top of launching with all their equipment. To note that second is protected from above all while rising, but the chief is not, thus to be the chief is more provocative and dangerous.
From time to time, the climbing ones can decide “to bring closer”, a technique risky but prompt also called the simul-rise, which the chief and move in the second place at the same time without stopping with the catch. The chief – roughly a length of cord above the second – place usually multiple pieces of protection while it rises so that the weight of the second climbing one could stop the fall of a possible chief. If it would be the second climbing one to fall, however, the chief can be drawn from his catches, with potentially unpleasant results.