Category Archives: Extreme Tourism

Jeep And Car Tours

Jeep And Car Tours

The author iron is one of the kinds of tourism, practiced far. The author iron is popular for a number of reasons; first by all, expressed because of independence in itinerary and schedule. On many ways it is possible, no kind car of using but only for A four through four. The car, which mostly bereist central jeep, bereist, although sometimes it means the Jeeping.

Jeeping normally means the short journeys, which are sketched, in order to try all advantages of A four through four clearance. Jeep journeys meaningful clearance, if A is four through four means for obtaining a special one, announces an educational, purpose interprets.

Mountain Tourism

Mountain Tourism

Mountain tourism central mountain clearance, which refers, to negotiate about difficult ranges of the mountain area in the form of upward gradients runs, crossing of mountain rivers; sometimes exactly, mountain tourism means a moving from point A for showing B over mountain runs and the mountain summits. This is which mountain tourism of mountain pastes differentiates and climbs up to the mountain point with a minimum of the gear wheel. For many a traveler, mountain hiking became a way of life; every time if, stating for the mountains, they joke that mountain tourism carries heavy loads on large heights from hours, that referred, to pay money load.

Mountain tourism actual an attractive affair first of all because of his hardness (you necessity to be in the upper form to go out to over a mountain) and the unpredictableness (the mountains, like the wood, require good determining position abilities, confidenceness with mountain samples, speed for dangers such as land slide, etc.)

Snowmobile Safari

Snowmobile Safari

Snowmobiles became a back degree of the winter recovery in Russia. Numerous remainder houses and forest hotels offer ever more frequently a probability, to changes on the holiday program for clips, by driving on snowmobiles. They become at the ski getting places and on winter fish journeys, for which during the transverse field A SKI JOURNEYs uses purposes of carrying the gear wheel and the food. In Russia not under a lack of snow in the winter suffers, the popularity of snowmobiles to the life a new kind tourism – snowmobile travels – Schneesafari got.

The word safari acquired a new meaning: a hunt for new impressions. Snowmobiles travels are not sketched only, in order to give pleasures of the controlling of a high performance machine, in addition, a diverse inspection program. The snowmobile Safari jahreszeit is from an early December to late March. However if the journeys refer frozen water of the clearance surplus, the season for them depends totally on the strength of the ice and the weather conditions. In duration expressed snowmobile safaris can take and refer some hours or some days ways of the different complexity also. There are direct ways, which on particularly implemented rails and the ice run from lakes



Sailing is the art of controlling the motion of a sailing vessel. By adjusting the rigging and rudder, a sailor manages the force of the wind on the sails in order to change the direction and speed of a boat. Mastery of the skill requires experience in a multitude of wind and sea conditions, as well as extensive knowledge concerning sailboats. Today most people enjoy sailing as a recreational activity. Recreational sailing can be further divided into racing, cruising and daysailing or dinghy sailing.

Traditional sailboat

Throughout history sailing has been instrumental in the development of civilization. The earliest representation of a ship under sail appears on an Egyptian vase from about 3500 BC. Advances in sailing technology from the 15th century onward enabled European explorers in Canada to make longer voyages into regions with extreme weather and climatic conditions. Improvements were made in the design of sails, masts and rigging, and navigational equipment became more sophisticated. Ships went further north, stayed longer on the Grand Banks and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and eventually began to explore the Pacific Northwest and the Western Arctic.

A traditional modern yacht is technically called a “Bermuda sloop” (sometimes a “Bermudan sloop”). A sloop is any boat that has a single mast and a headsail (generally a jib) in addition to the mainsail. The Bermuda designation refers to the fact that the sail, which has its forward edge (the “luff”) against the mast (the main sail), is a sail roughly triangular in shape. Additionally, Bermuda sloops only have a single sail behind the mast. Other types of sloops are gaff-rigged sloops and lateen sloops. Gaff-rigged sloops have quadrilateral mainsails with a gaff (a small boom) at their upper edge (the “head” of the sail). Gaff-rigged vessels may also have another sail, called a topsail, above the gaff. Lateen sloops have triangular sails with the upper edge attached to a gaff, and the lower edge attached to the boom, and the boom and gaff are attached to each other via some type of hinge. It is also possible for a sloop to be square rigged (having large square sails like a Napoleonic Wars-era ship of the line). Note that a “sloop of war,” in the naval sense, may well have more than one mast, and is not properly a sloop by the modern meaning.

If a boat has two masts, it may be a schooner, a ketch, or a yawl, if it is rigged fore-and-aft on all masts. A schooner may have any number of masts provided the second from the front is the tallest (called the “main mast”). In both a ketch and a yawl, the foremost mast is tallest, and thus the main mast, while the rear mast is shorter, and called the mizzen mast. The difference between a ketch and a yawl is that in a ketch, the mizzen mast is forward of the rudderpost (the axis of rotation for the rudder), while a yawl has its mizzen mast behind the rudderpost. In modern parlance, a brigantine is a vessel whose forward mast is rigged with square sails, while her after mast is rigged fore-and-aft. A brig is a vessel with two masts both rigged square.

As one gets into three or more masts the number of combinations rises and one gets barques, barquentines, and full-rigged ships.

A spinnaker is a large, full sail that is only used when sailing off wind either reaching or downwind, to catch the maximum amount of wind.


Horseback Riding Tourism

Horseback Riding Tourism

Clearance is favourable to horses for human health on. Within the ranges, in those the population bred traditionally horses, like into the Altai, in Bashkiria, in Buryatia, Adygei, Karachay Cherkessia, Chuvashia, central Russia (Orlov region) and Siberia (Kemerovo region and Krasnoyarsky Krai), to horses tourism on offer for more rber 30 years now was. This kind of the sport and the tourism in-grew recently in the popularity, if the old are connected by new ones to horses way, by Moscow, in the Murman and Samara regions, in the Piedmont ranges of the Krasnodar Krai.

A majority to horses way forest and mountain ways, run over steppes, meadows follow and catch, along ravines, rivers and lakes. To horses can be ways either the self-service (food cooking and interesting in the horse), or with cooking and maintaining hold thrown inch adjustment on to horses ways are normally available under test conditions in the summer or at the routistic camps in the winter. To horses are suggested routes, which are opened to inexperienced passengers, by the route operators, that specialize in extreme tourism.

However intended for horses require journeys training: Is, a good passenger to be been necessary to believe to that comfortably in the saddle surplus, which is long to horses, bereist. To horses are Outings one the favourite weekend route elections. This is an excellent way to learn or improve your riding abilities.

Extreme Sports

Extreme Sports

The extreme sport (also called activity sport, adventure haven and adventurous sport) is like, a highly-qualified of the associated danger having a marketing designation for certain activities, which are noticed, and speed, height, a highly-qualified of the physical effort and highly specialized gear wheel or great brakings frequently, with including. A characteristic of such activities according to the opinion of some is their alleged capacity to cause attacks of a Adrenaline in the participants. However is the medical opinion that the attacks or strongly connected with the activity not to the Adrenaline lies, which are released as answer to the fear, but because of the increased levels of Dopamine, endorphins and the Serotonins because of the highly-qualified physical effort. In addition a new study suggests that the connection to the Adrenaline is provisional to the applicable extreme sport and the study defined applicable extreme sport as spare time or recovery activity, in which likely the result of a badly administered accident or the error death was most. This definition was sketched, in order to separate the marketing exaggeration from the activity to. Other, which is characteristic, by which activities is thus marked, it bends, to be individual instead of crew haven. Extreme sport can include the competitive and competitive activities.

Extreme sport is frequently with the young adults connected, to the delimitations on its physical ability and fear to press itself would like and presses the borders of a certain sport in sequence. This sport juvenile demographic accounts also for oversize frequent connection with youth culture, including its clothes, way and music.

It struggles some that the distinction between an extreme sport and conventional a so much is, to with marketing, as she is concerned, with conceptions over the levels of the danger to do or produces the quantity from Adrenaline to do. Therefore Snowboarding has a more extreme picture than the Skiing because of the unterscheidenen marketing strategies and the fact of the Seins a newer sport, although Skiing is at least even a faster and a dangerous activity. In addition a sport Rugbyanschluss likes, although dangerous and Adrenaline causing, into the category of the extreme sport because of its traditional picture, and it has certain things, the other extreme sport would not fall, as very highly-qualified of the speed and the intention of accomplishing brakings. As extreme sport these days, despite the level of the danger and the physical effort are seen, do not underwateroxygen mask-dip because of its mainly demographic adult. Also the fact that it not when sport is classified, since there is no objective to the activity. Another example: the conception of the demolition Derby compare, thought not normally on as extreme sport, to from current BMX, which is. Demolition Derby has a demographic adult, BMX is a youth sport.

The definition of the extreme sport can have shifted over the years because of the marketing tendencies. When the designation emerged first about late year/early nineties, it became for arising haven such as Skydiving, underwater oxygen mask dipping, Surfen, rock, which climbs, mountain pastes, storm, which hunts, case, which slides, and jumping spring element uses, of which many went through an unparalleled growth in the popularity at the time. Outside of the magazine the X did not give plays, of importance to the designation and if there were clothes kind, which is connected with extreme sport, it was outdoorsy a view, which prefers the label names, those with mountain pastes is connected or like the north face and Patagonia, which move, Teva sand as or moving loadings for footwear, – etc. the designation uses nowadays more at the youth sport like the Skateboarding, the Snowboarding and BMX and is close with marketing efforts of youth desired (e.g. the announcement campaigns of the mountain rope) and with their preferential kinds by clothes and music, particularly kind of the urban bag-like view connected, with skateboarders and louder connected is, fast alternative rock. This shift in the kinds can also partly be a generation Averschiebung, there baby Boomers and production X and the marketing efforts, which are connected with the extreme sport, that once toward to the younger is shifted production Y, which is demographic in the middle to the late nineties aged.

The designation popularity with the arising of the X of plays, an accumulation of cases won education for television. Advertisers were fast, the resemblance of the case to the public to recognize as consequence competitor and to supervisors wish not for promotion these days. The high profile of the extreme sport and the culture, which surround it, led also people, Parodien, like extreme handles, urban housework, to invent extreme Krokett and house gymnastic.

Extreme Tourism

Extreme Tourism

Extreme tourism or impact tourism is including a kind niche tourism clearance to the dangerous places (mountains, jungle, deserts, caves, etc.) or participation with into dangerous cases. Extreme tourism covering with extreme sport. The portion of two the main attraction, adrenaline attacks mostly caused by an element of the danger and differentiating in the degree of obligation and of Professionalismus.

Extreme tourism an increasing business has in the countries of the former Soviet Union (Russia, Ukraine, Armenien, etc.) and in the south American countries such as Peru, Chile and Argentina. Mountain and schroffe areas of north Pakistan also to a popular extreme tourism position developed.

During traditional tourism meaning investments in the hotels, roads, etc. required, extreme tourism requires many smaller jump-begins a business. Additionally to the traditional travel-created destinations different exotic attraction, like transfers in MiGs with 2,5 Mach, are suggested ice dipping in the white sea or journeys over the Chernobyl zone.

Adventure and extreme tourism, extreme sports, action culture have been recently gaining in popularity, helped by stabilization of political and economic processes in this country. Besides, business people, who face challenges on a daily basis in their commercial activities, see the extreme as an outlet for their energy, finding it an effective release from stress.

The demand for adventure and extreme tourism have given rise to numerous Web-based resources designed to make it easier for those who are interested in recreation in Russia and abroad to source information. Many Web sites pitch the adventure tourism as a way to study the history and culture of a country, or promote it as a healthy life-style.

There are a great many kinds of adventure tourism, the principal ones being mountain tourism, bicycle touring, jeep and car tours, horseback tourism, ski tourism, safari (jeep safari, snowmobile safari), water tourism, kayaking, rafting, canoeing, trekking, hiking, weekend tours.

An attempt to organize information on various types of adventure tourism may be useful to those who have not yet decided what type of the extreme they would find most congenial.

Mountain Biking

Mountain Biking

Mountain biking usually refers to the sport of riding bicycles possessing particular design characteristics, mountain bikes, off-road, although sometimes the term simply refers to riding a mountain bike. The sport requires endurance, bike handling skills and self-reliance. It is an individual sport which can be performed almost anywhere. There are aspects of mountain biking that are more similar to trail running than regular bicycling. Because riders are often far from civilization, there is a strong ethic of self-reliance in the sport. Riders must learn to repair their broken bikes or flat tires to avoid being stranded miles from help. This reliance on survival skills accounts for the group dynamics of the sport. Club rides and other forms of group rides are common, especially on longer treks.

Mountain biking is roughly broken down into five categories: cross country, downhill, freeride, dirt jump and trials/street riding. However, most mountain bikes have a similar look: knobby tires, large round frame tubing, and some sort of suspension or shock absorbers. Mountain biking can be done anywhere from a back yard to a gravel road, but the majority of mountain bikers prefer to ride trails they call singletrack. These are narrow trails that wind through forests or fields. Other trails are wide enough for more than one rider and referred to as doubletrack.

History of mountain biking

Bicycles have been ridden off-road since their invention. However, the modern sport of mountain biking primarily originated in the 1970s. There were several groups of riders in different areas of the U.S.A. who can make valid claims to playing a part in the birth of the sport. Riders in Crested Butte, Colorado and Cupertino, California tinkered with bikes and adapted them to the rigors of off-road riding. Other riders around the country were probably copying their friends with motorcycles and riding their bikes on trails and fire roads. However, a group in Marin County, California is recognized by the Mountain Bike Hall of Fame to have played a central role in the birth of the sport as we know it today. They began racing down Mount Tamalpais (Mt Tam) on old 1930s and ’40s Schwinn bicycles retrofitted with better brakes and fat tires. This group included Joe Breeze, Otis Guy, Gary Fisher and Keith Bontrager, among others. It was Joe Breeze who built the first new, purpose-made mountain bike in 1977. Tom Ritchey built the first regularly available mountain bike frame, which was accessorized by Gary Fisher and Charlie Kelly and sold by their company called MountainBikes (later changed to Fisher Mountain Bikes then bought by Trek, still under the name Gary Fisher). The first two mass produced mountain bikes were sold in 1982: the Specialized Stumpjumper and Univega Alpina Pro.

In 1988, the Mountain Bike Hall of Fame was founded to chronicle the history of mountain biking, and to recognize the individuals and groups that have contributed significantly to this sport.

Types of Mountain Biking

For the most part, mountain biking can be split into four different categories:

  • Cross-Country (XC) is the most common form of mountain biking, and the standard for most riders. It generally means riding point-to-point or in a loop including climbs and descents on a variety of terrain. However there is a distinct difference between common XC and XC racing. Racing is much more physically demanding than leisure riding and racers train for years to be able to compete at a national level. A typical XC bike weighs 22-28lbs, and has 0-4 inches of suspension travel front and rear.
  • Downhill is, in the most general sense, riding mountain bikes downhill. While cross country riding inevitably has a downhill component, Downhill (or DH for short) usually refers to racing-oriented downhill riding. Downhill-specific bikes are universally equipped with front and rear suspension, large brakes, and use heavier frame tubing than other mountain bikes. Downhill bikes are not meant to be pedaled up hill, therefore downhill riders and racers frequently employ trucks or ski lifts to be shuttled to the top of the hill. Downhill courses are one of the most physically demanding and dangerous venues for mountain biking. They include large jumps (up to and including 40 feet), drops of 10+ feet, and are generally rough and steep top to bottom. To negotiate these obstacles at race speed, racers must possess a unique combination of total body strength, aerobic and anaerobic fitness, and mental control. Minimum body protection in a true downhill setting is knee pads and a full face helmet with goggles, although riders and racers commonly sport full body suits to protect themselves. Downhill bikes typically weigh 40-50 lbs. Downhill frames get anywhere from 7 to 10 inches of travel and are usually mounted with an 8 inch travel dual-crown fork.
  • Freeride / Big Hit. Freeride, as the name suggests is a ‘do anything’ discipline that encompasses everything from downhill racing (see below)without the clock to jumping, riding ‘North Shore’ style (elevated trails made of interconnecting bridges and logs), and generally riding trails and/or stunts that require more skill and “aggression” than XC. Freeride bikes are generally heavier and more amply suspended than their XC counterparts, but usually retain much of their climbing ability. It is up to the rider to build his or her bike to lean more toward a preferred level of aggressiveness. “Slopestyle” type riding is an increasingly popular genre that combines big-air, stunt-ridden freeride with BMX style tricks. Slopestyle courses are usually constructed at already established mountain bike parks and include jumps, large drops, quarter-pipes, and other wooden obstacles. There are always multiple lines through a course and riders compete for judges’ points by choosing lines that highlight their particular skills. A “typical” freeride bike is hard to define, but 30-40 lbs with 6 inches of suspension front and rear is a good generalization.
  • Trials riding consists of hopping and jumping bikes over obstacles. It can be performed either off-road or in an urban environment. It requires an excellent sense of balance. As with Dirt Jumping and BMX-style riding, emphasis is placed on style, originality and technique. There are many stylistic similarities to skateboarding. Trials bikes look almost nothing like mountain bikes. They use either 20″, 24″ or 26″ wheels and have very small, low frames, some types without a saddle.


Sailing & Yachting

Sailing & Yachting

Yachting is a physical activity involving boats. It may be racing sailing boats, cruising to distant shores, or day-sailing along a coast.

Whilst sailing’s invention is prehistoric, racing sailing boats is believed to have started in the Netherlands some time in the 17th century, whence it soon made its way to England where custom-built racing yachts began to emerge. In 1851, a challenge to an American yacht racing club in New York led to the beginning of the America’s Cup, a regatta won by the New York Yacht Club until 1983, when they finally lost to Australia II. Meanwhile, yacht racing continued to evolve, with the development of recognised classes of racing yachts, from small dinghies up to huge maxi yachts.

These days, yacht racing and dinghy racing are common participant sports around the developed world, particularly where favourable wind conditions and access to reasonably sized bodies of water are available. Most yachting is conducted in salt water, but smaller craft can be – and are – raced on lakes and even large rivers.

Whilst there are many different types of racing vessels, they can generally be separated into the larger yachts, which are larger and contain facilities for extended voyages, and smaller harbour racing craft such as dinghies and skiffs.

Dinghy races are conducted on sheltered water on smaller craft, usually designed for crews of between one and three people. They are almost all equipped with one mast. Some have only one triangular sail, but most have two configured as a sloop, and usually carry a spinnaker, a large, bulging sail designed for sailing “with the wind”. Most races are conducted between vessels of identical design (“one design” racing). In these races, with identical equipment the sailors best able to make use of the ambient conditions win.

Dinghy designs vary from small, stable, and slow craft for novice sailors to lightweight, high-speed designs that are very difficult for even experienced crews to sail safely and effectively. Australia’s 18-foot skiff class are the fastest monohull dinghies, reaching speeds of up to 40 kilometres per hour even in relatively light winds. Sailing has a reputation for being a boring spectator sport, but skiff racing can be very exciting, particularly in unpredictable conditions where crews struggle to keep their boats upright. Various multi-hull racing classes are even faster.

Various one-design dinghy classes are raced at the Summer Olympic Games.

Larger yachts are also raced on harbours, but the most prestigious yacht races are point-to-point long distance races on the open ocean. Bad weather makes such races a considerable test of equipment and willpower just to finish, and from time to time boats and sailors are lost at sea. The longest such events are “round-the-world” races which can take months to complete, but better-known are events such as the Fastnet race in the United Kingdom and the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race along the east coast of Australia. As well as a first-past-the-post trophy (called “line honours”), boats may race under a handicap system that adjusts finishing times for the relative speeds of the boats’ design, theoretically offering each entrant an equal chance.

Scuba Diving

Scuba Diving

Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment.

By carrying a source of compressed air, the scuba diver is able to stay underwater longer than with the simple breath-holding techniques used in Snorkeling and Free-diving, and is not hindered by air-lines to a remote air source. The scuba diver typically swims underwater by using fins attached to the feet. However, some divers also move around with the assistance of a DPV (Diver Propulsion Vehicle), commonly referred to as a scooter, or by using surface-tethered devices called sleds, which are pulled by a boat.

Scuba diving

The term SCUBA arose during World War II and originally referred to USA combat frogmen’s oxygen rebreathers, developed by Dr. Christian Lambertsen for underwater warfare. Today, scuba typically usually refers to the in-line open-circuit equipment, developed by Emile Gagnan and Jacques-Yves Cousteau, in which compressed gas (usually air) is inhaled from a tank and then exhaled into the water. However, rebreathers (both semi-closed circuit and closed circuit) are also self-contained systems (as opposed to surface-supplied systems) and are therefore classified as scuba.

Although the word ‘SCUBA’ is an acronym for “Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus”, it has also become acceptable to refer to scuba as ‘scuba equipment’ or ‘scuba apparatus’.